Riboflavin is yellow or orange-yellow
in colour and in addition to being used as a food colouring it is also
used to fortify some foods.
It can be found in such foods
as baby foods, breakfast cereals, sauces, processed cheese, fruit drinks
and vitamin-enriched milk products as well as being widely used in vitamin
as vitamin B2 occurs naturally in milk, cheese, leafy green vegetables,
liver and yeast but exposure to light will destroy the Riboflavin in
these natural sources.
In processed foods it is very likely to be Genetically Modified as it
can be produced synthetically using genetically modified Bacillus subtilis,
altered to both increase the bacteria production of riboflavin and to
introduce an antibiotic (ampicillin) resistance marker.
It is an
easily absorbed, water-soluble micronutrient with a key role in maintaining
human health. Like the other B vitamins, it supports energy production
by aiding in the metabolising of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Vitamin
B2 is also required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody
production, and for regulating human growth and reproduction. It is
essential for healthy skin, nails, hair growth and general good health,
including regulating thyroid activity. Any excess is excreted in the
urine but as the human body does not store Riboflavin it is thought
deficiency is common.
also helps in the prevention or treatment of many types of eye disorders,
including some cases of cataracts. It may assist bloodshot, itching
or burning eyes and abnormal sensitivity to light.
It is difficult to incorporate
Riboflavin into many liquid products as it has poor solubility. Hence
the requirement for E101a Riboflavin-5'-phosphate, a more expensive
but more soluble form of Riboflavin.
Consists mainly of the monosodium salt of the 5'-monophosphate ester
of riboflavin dihydrate obtained from chemical action on E101 Riboflavin.
It is rapidly turned to free riboflavin after ingestion.
many foods for babies and young children as well as jams, milk products
and sweets and sugar products.
Likely to be Genetically