cabbage, to which it is related, the turnip has long been thought of
as "peasant" food. It is economical; it grows well in poor
soil; it keeps well; and it supplies complex carbohydrates. One of the
cruciferous vegetables in the Brassica genus, it can be cultivated for
its root, which is a good source of complex carbohydrates, as well as
for its greens, which are rich in vitamins and minerals. Turnips come
in an astonishing range of shapes and sizes, depending on the age and
variety, some have weighed 20 to 25 kilos, while others are the size
of a golf ball. The flesh can be white or yellow, but most commercial
grown turnips have white flesh.
The turnips you'll find in the supermarket may range from roughly the
size of a golf ball to that of a cricket ball. More or less smoothly
spherical or top shaped, the most common varieties have a creamy white
skin that shades to purple or reddish pink or green at the top. (The
top of the root develops above the ground, and exposure to sunlight
causes it to become pigmented while the lower part, buried in earth,
does not.) Other turnip varieties, however, are completely white from
top to tip.
Newly harvested turnips are sometimes
sold in bunches with their leaves; these should be crisp and green.
If in good condition, the leaves can be cooked and eaten. Topped turnips
(with the greens cut off) are frequently sold in plastic bags. Leaf
scars at the stem end of topped turnips should be few. The turnips themselves
should always be firm and heavy for their size, with a minimum of fibrous
root hairs at the bottom. Their surface should be smooth, not shriveled
gardeners once prided themselves on producing massive turnips of 15
kilos or more, small ones are sweeter and more tender than large ones,
which may be bitter and woody. Bunched turnips are usually about 2"
in diameter, topped turnips about 3".
Turnips keep well. Cut off turnip greens and bag them separately for
storage (they keep for just a few days). Place the roots in plastic
bags and store them in the refrigerator ; they will keep for about a
Turnips can be eaten raw, but large ones may be strongly flavoured;
you can reduce their assertive taste somewhat by blanching them in boiling
water for about five minutes before baking, braising, or stir-frying.
And to keep the flavour mild, don't overcook .
cooking turnips in aluminum or iron pans , as their flesh may darken.
Turnips are usually peeled before cooking
(or using raw), although very young fresh turnips need not be. A vegetable
peeler will remove the thinnest possible layer of skin. Then slice,
dice, or cut into julienne strips, as required.