Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners
and Gelling Agents.
Gum arabic is the dried gum from the stems and branches of sub-Saharan
(Sahel zone) Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal (Leguminosae) trees
and produced naturally as large nodules during a process called
gummosis to seal wounds in the bark of the tree.
Gum arabic is used in food as a thickener, stabiliser, glazing
agent and emulsifier, and is readily water-soluble.
Typical products include chewing gum, sweets, jelly, fondants,
beer, soft drinks, fruit squash, wine.
May cause weak allergic reaction in some individuals. May
act as an irritant.