The E161 group are Xanthophylls, (from the Greek, Xanthos -
yellow). They are yellow pigments, although E161g
is more orange, and related to carotene. Extracted using the
solvent hexane they normally contain other source plant material.
Violaxanthin is especially present in the yellow pansy (Viola
It is not commercially available but is obviously eaten as
part of a normal diet.
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