Information displayed on archived pages may be out of date and
or inaccurate due to the age of the information displayed, in
some case information dates from 2002.
Children’s foods and drinks containing the additives Sunset
Yellow (E110), Ponceau 4R (E124), Carmoisine (E122) and Sodium
These additives have been shown to cause temper tantrums and disruptive
behaviour in up to a quarter of toddlers - Childrens
food and drink
Kelloggs Winders 2003
Kelloggs Real Fruit Winders are a snack product marketed directly
at children, proclaiming that they are ' tremendously tasty and
over 50% fruit'. So they may be, however the fruit content is
processed and contains a meagre 1.5% fibre, and the sugar content
is a massive 36%. Not a product to feed your children if you wish
to avoid frequent visits to the dentist, and certainly not to
be considered as part of a healthy balanced diet.
Ingredients (Blackcurrant flavour):
Fruit (67%) (Pear puree from concentrate, blackcurrant puree from
concentrate (20%), glucose syrup, maltodextrin, sugar, hydrogenated
vegetable oil, colour: anthocyanins E163, gelling agent: pectin
E440, emulsifiers: mono and diglycerides of fatty acids E471,
natural blackcurrant flavouring, citric acid E330, antidoxant:
absorbic acid E300, acidity regulator: sodium citrate E331, malic
acid E296. ( As per www.realfruitwinders.co.uk 2nd March 2003)
Cadbury's Sport Campaign 2003
The chocolate manufacturer Cadbury is launching a £9m campaign
to persuade children to buy 160m chocolate bars, containing nearly
2m kg of fat, in exchange for "free" sports equipment
for their schools. It says the initiative will help to tackle
The marketing scheme, called Cadbury Get Active, is being promoted
with the Youth Sport Trust through schools. It has been endorsed
by the minister for sport, Richard Caborn. It also uses sports
stars Paula Radcliffe and Audley Harrison to link the brand with
To earn the equipment, schoolchildren will have to collect tokens
from the main brands of Cadbury chocolate. A set of posts and
net for volleyball for secondary schoolchildren would require,
for example, tokens from 5,440 chocolate bars!!
Procter and Gamble's Sunny Delight beverage contains more sugar
per 500 ml bottle, than the entire reccomended daily allowance
Water, fruit juice 15% (Orange, Lime, Mandarin and Grapefruit
juice), Citric acid (E330), Vegetable oil, Preservative : Polyphosphate
(E452), Modified Starch, Natural Flavourings, Vitamin C, Thickener:
Guar Gum (E412), Preservative: Potassium Sorbate (E202), Sweetners:
Acesulfame K (E950) and Aspartame (E951), Thickners: Xanthan Gum
(E415) and Gellan Gum (E418), Beta-Carotene (Pro-Vitamin A), Vitamin
B6, Thiamin (Vitamin B1).
bodies and industry groups as the answer to the growing problem
of food poisoning, and as a means to combat world hunger by reducing
spoilage and extending food shelf life A proposal to relax the
global standards governing food irradiation, including the removal
of the current maximum irradiation dose limit, is now under discussion.
The European Commission is also deliberating over whether to extend
its list of foods permitted for irradiation in all EU member states.
The current list includes only herbs, spices and vegetable seasonings,
but the possible extension would mean many other foods could be
irradiated in all member states. Yet consumer concerns persist
over the numerous potential negative impacts of irradiating food.
Food irradiation can result in loss of nutrients, for example
vitamin E levels can be reduced by 25% after irradiation and vitamin
C by 5-10%. This is compounded by the longer storage times of
irradiated foods, and by loss of nutrients during cooking, which
can result in the food finally eaten by the consumer to contain
little more than 'empty calories'. This is potentially damaging
to the long and short-term health of consumers, particularly for
sections of society already failing to obtain adequate nutrition.
When food is exposed to high doses of ionising radiation, the
chemical composition and nutritional content of food can change.
Radiolytic by-products are often formed in irradiated food. Very
few of these chemicals have been adequately studied for toxicity.
One such chemical - 2-DCB - can cause DNA damage in rat colon
cells at high doses.
Food irradiation does not inactivate dangerous toxins which have
already been produced by bacteria prior to irradiation. In some
cases, such as C. botulinum, it is the toxin produced by the bacteria,
rather than the bacteria itself, which poses the health hazard.
Extension of the EU list of foods permitted for irradiation could
mean that in future a significant part of the diet of consumers
will consist of irradiated foods. The long-term impacts of this
to health remain unknown. Far more research is required prior
to exposing populations to such a diet.
Irradiating products such as mechanically recovered chicken meat,
offal and egg white, could mislead consumers into thinking these
are safer. There is therefore a risk that consumers will fail
to take necessary measures to prevent cross-contamination. The
risk of recontamination of food after irradiation is very serious
as a near sterile food is an ideal medium for very rapid growth
of re-introduced bacteria. Irradiated food must therefore be handled
with even greater care in homes and restaurants.
Irradiation can cause mutations in bacteria and viruses leading
to potentially resistant strains.
[The Food Commission]
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Biscuits specially designed for babies and toddlers are sweeter
than jam tarts and doughnuts, according to a report from the watchdog
Food Commission today.
Sweet biscuits are the number one cause of tooth decay in infants
aged 1 - 2 years. A new generation of highly-sugared biscuits,
snacks and cereal bars are coming onto the market -- despite government
warnings to avoid giving sweet snacks to children.
The Food Commission survey found 50% sugar in Nestlé Fruit
Stick and 37% in Boots Teddy Bear biscuits, compared with 36%
in a jam tart. Traditional Farley's Rusks (29%) have more sugar
than a chocolate digestive (27%).
And so-called 'reduced sugar' products from Farleys (21%) and
Hipp (21%) had more sugar than a jam doughnut (19% sugar). Government
advice tells parents to cut back on sweet foods between meals
-- yet Nestlé describes its sweetest products as 'ideal
snacks' and 'fun snacks'.
Only five out of the 22 products examined were virtually sugar
free. But one of these products -- Nestle Sesame Sticks -- contained
sesame seeds, an ingredient which is second only to nuts as a
cause of severe allergic reactions.
'The baby food regulations are very weak,' said the report's author,
Dr Tim Lobstein. 'Manufacturers exploit this in order to label
highly sweetened products as specially suitable for infants. Parents
should look carefully at the small print and put the highly sweetened
brands back on the shelf.'
Biscuits are children's most commonly-eaten sweet food, with more
than twice as many 2-year olds eating biscuits daily as drinking
sweetened juices or fruit drinks. And biscuits are strongly linked
to an increased risk of tooth damage, with 11% of frequent biscuit
eaters getting damaged teeth before they are 30 months old, compared
with 1% of infants who eat biscuits less than once a day.
Additives do cause temper tantrums!
Food additives can cause behaviour changes in toddlers, even
in those who have no history of hyperactivity. A government-funded
study by the UK's Asthma & Allergy Research Centre concluded
that all children could benefit from the removal of specified
artificial food colourings from their diet.
This is the first time that a UK government-sponsored scientific
study has corroborated the link between food colourings and preservatives
and changes in children's mood and behaviour. For decades, concerns
expressed by parents have often been dismissed by food manufacturers
and government as anecdotal and lacking in scientific evidence,
even though serious behavioural changes can cause much distress
in families until they are able to identify the cause of the trouble
and eliminate additive-laden foods from their children's diets.
This study could have profound implications for the government's
food and nutrition policy. As the researchers point out, 'the
potential long-term public health benefit that might arise is
indicated by the follow-up studies that have shown that the young
hyperactive child is at risk of continuing behavioural difficulties
including the transition to conduct disorder and educational difficulties'.
A group of 277 three-year-olds from the Isle of Wight took part
in the research, which lasted one month. For two weeks, the children
drank fruit juice dosed with 20mg in total of artificial colourings
(E102, E110, E122, E124), and 45mg of preservative (E211). For
the other two weeks, children drank a placebo fruit juice, identical
in appearance, but without the additives. Parents then filled
reports assessing behaviour such as 'interrupting', 'fiddling
with objects', 'disturbing others', 'difficulty settling down
to sleep', 'concentration' and 'temper tantrums'.
The researchers estimate that if the problem additives were removed
from all children's diets in the UK, the rate of hyperactivity
would go down from one child in six to one child in 17
Analysis of the results showed that 'the impact of artificial
food colourings and sodium benzoate preservative on three-year-old
children's hyperactive behaviour indicate substantial effects
detectable by parents'.
The researchers went further, stating that 'significant changes
in children's hyperactive behaviour could be produced by the removal
of colourings and additives from their diet. The findings of the
present study suggest that benefit would accrue for all children
from such a change and not just for those already showing hyperactive
behaviour or who are at risk of allergic reactions'.
Kids' drink Yazoo boasts 'NO artificial sweeteners, NO preservatives'
but doesn't shout so loud about the colouring E124 which has been
added to give an impression of strawberry colour. Walkers use
Tartrazine to colour their Footballs snack and Smarties contain
both Ponceau 4R and Sunset Yellow.
The new research will strengthen parents' calls for the removal
of problem additives from children's foods and drinks. We understand
that the colourings tested in this research have been restricted
in other countries, such as the US, Norway and Denmark, in order
to protect children.
The suspect additives tested in the Food Standards Agency study
may be described on food labels either by their technical name,
or by their 'E' number. These are the names and 'E' numbers to
watch out for.
Sunset Yellow E110
Ponceau 4R E124
Sodium Benzoate E211
Many children's foods and drinks contain additives. They are
the colourings and flavourings that make these products especially
attractive to children. A Food Commission survey showed that 38%
of children's food contained additives, in products that were
likely to form a large part of children's diets. The survey did
not even include soft drinks, confectionery and chocolate, birthday
cakes and crisps.
The Food Commission has long maintained that not only may these
additives affect children's behaviour, they are often used to
give cosmetic appeal to poor ingredients - depriving children
of valuable nutrients. The Food Commission research found that
additives in children's food, especially colourings and flavourings,
are frequently used in products that are high in fat, salt and/or
sugar, and low in nutritious ingredients. The survey found 41%
of the children's food products were nutritionally very poor,
but contained added colour.
Research published this year by the food firm Organix found colourings
were used in:
78% of children's desserts;
42% of children' milkshakes;
93% of children's sweets;
18% of cereal bars;
24% of children's cheeses;
23% of children's cereals;
14% of dried fruit packs;
41% of children's drinks;
32% of crisps and savoury snacks;
15% of children's frozen burgers..
A common defence for the use of colourings and other additives
in children's food is that they have been shown to be toxicologically
safe, so there is considered to be no problem. But behaviour change
in children isn't one of the things toxicologists test for. A
Food Standards Agency survey of colours used in sweets, published
in April, looked only for evidence that companies were using colourings
at their correct strength, and that they had complied with labelling
regulations. However, our own analysis of the FSA survey results
shows that over half (55 per cent) of the sweets tested contained
the colourings shown by the present research to provoke behaviour
change in toddlers. [Food Commission]